There are many different solutions for the proper treatment of wastewater from homes. From approved and ecological systems to traditional treatment methods, you will certainly find the most suitable sewage system for your requirements and criteria. Most municipalities take responsibility for the treatment of wastewater by connecting all homes in the area to the same collective network. However, if the location of your property does not have such a network, it becomes necessary to install an individual network, notably a septic tank or an all-water tank.
However, non-collective sanitation requires regular maintenance by the owner in order to ensure its proper functioning in the best conditions and to avoid certain annoying problems such as bad odors or premature replacement of the installation. Regarding this maintenance, some tasks can be done by the owner himself since they are not complex, while other tasks like emptying the septic tank and pumping require the intervention of a professional in the field.
Maintenance steps to follow on a daily basis
If your home is not connected to a collective sewerage system, the treatment of your wastewater and black water becomes your responsibility. The individual sewage system requires regular maintenance to avoid the occurrence of incidents in your septic tank.
If you want to keep your pit in good working order, there are a few simple things you can do on a daily basis. First of all, you should never throw away or rinse out expired medicines, products that need a long time to decompose or toxic products. Indeed, these elements may cause clogs in your sewage system, which can lead to the blockage of the water flow over time.
Another thing to do is to check the level of sludge in your tank. This check should be done on a regular basis. Generally, it is advisable not to let the thickness of the sludge exceed two thirds of the total depth of the tank. Moreover, it is preferable to carry out a septic tank pumping as soon as the sludge level exceeds half. The septic tank emptying or pumping procedure is recommended once every four years. However, this period varies depending on the size of your tank and the number of people in your home.
In addition, it is advisable to hire a professional in the field to perform a complete inspection of your sewage system to anticipate any problems.
What checks should I do?
When it comes to a non-collective sanitation system, a few checks are necessary to ensure the best results and proper treatment of wastewater. In fact, given the organic waste and the different chemical products, especially the products used for washing clothes or dishes, the wastewater and black water coming from the dwellings are harmful not only to human health but also to the natural environment.
First of all, it is important to regularly check the screen of your septic tank. The role of this filter is to retain all the non-degradable solid elements that arrive at the entrance of the sanitation installation. Thus, it serves to block the passage of these elements towards the tank of your pit. Secondly, it is necessary to think about checking the state of the prefilter. The prefilter is installed at the bottom of the tank and needs to be cleaned regularly. The cleaning process is not inconvenient as it is sufficient to do it once a year.